Vietnam War Memorial Avenue And Plaques

Long Tan Memorial and avenue of trees, Coolah NSW

The Vietnam War Memorial Avenue, which exists on the northern side of the upper Martin Street and adjacent to the Coolah Hospital, was planted on the evening of the military funeral of Paul Andrew Large by members of the Coolah Sub-branch of the Returned Soldiers League.   A tree was planted in memory of each of Paul’s fellow soldiers who were killed in the battle of Long Tan.  The tree seedlings were Faucett Flowering Ironbarks, being a natural hybrid found growing on the outskirts of Mudgee and were selected for the Avenue for they flowered, in a rich red colour for 6-9 months of the year.

Paul Andrew Large, of Coolah, was the son of Victor Allan and Olga Dulcie Large and grandson of Harold Percival ‘Duke’ Tritton, bushman, folk singer and shearer.  He was the only boy among fiver sister, Patricia, Gloria, Lorraine, Robin and Sandra.   Upon leaving school in about 1960, Paul worked in the Coolah, then the Mudgee Post Office.  It was his ambition to become a top shearer, but this desire was frustrated when he, like other lads of his age, were conscripted to do two years of compulsory military training, which could involve service in the Vietnam War.  He left Australia for Vietnam on his 21st birthday, the 9th of June, 1966 and ten weeks later he lay dead in a Vietnam rubber plantation, near the village of Long Tan.

He lost his life in a ferocious battle, which started when a patrolling force of 108 from the nearby Nui Dat Army base, south east of Saigon was ambushed by a vastly superior force of Viet Cong and North Vietnam group, probably totaling 2500 of the enemy.  The small Australian company fought bravely against the superior number until the tide of battle turned in their favour when reinforcements from another troop company arrived.  The enemy then melted away into the jungle leaving 245 of their dead.

The Australian casualties were 18 dead, with 17 from D Company, including Private Paul Large and 24 wounded.  Paul’s company became the second unit in Australian military history to be awarded a United States Presidential Unit Citation.   Australia’s military involvement in the Vietnam War was from August 1962 to January 1973; during which time 50,001 Australian took part and 520 lost their lives.  A total of 23 lads from Coolah served in the Vietnam War.

Two commemorative plaques erected at the beginning of the Avenue.  One reads:

“This Avenue was planted to perpetuate the memory of Private Paul Large, 6th RAR and formerly of Coolah and seventeen of his fellow servicemen who were killed in Vietnam on 18th August 1966”.
This plaque and the large stone on which it was affixed was provided by the Coolah Shire Council.

The second plaque, which was placed upon the same stone, bears the following inscriptions:

“These servicemen of the 6th RAR unit sacrificed their lives at the Battle of Long Tan on 18th August 1966.  Pte. Richard Alfred Aldersea, Pte, Glen Alfred Drabble, Pte. Kenneth Howard Gant, Pte Ernest Francis Grant, Pte. Victor Roy Grice, Pte. James Michael Houston, L/Cpl. Jack Jewry, Pte. Paul Andrew Large, Pte. Alfred Frederick McCormick, Pte. Dennis James McCormick, Pte. Warren David Mitchell, Pte. Douglas Javing Salverton, 2/Lt. Gordon Cameron Sharp, Pte. David John Thomas, Pte. Francis Brett Topp, Pte. Maxwell Ray Wales, Pte. Colin Joseph Whiston and T/Cpl. Peter Edward Clements, unit 1 APC Squadron who died from wounds on 27th August 1966.  This plaque was unveiled on 26th April 2003.”

For the unveiling ceremony family members of the deceased soldiers travelled from far and wide including Wollongong, Newcastle, Sydney and parts of Queensland.   On Anzac Day, 2004, a memorial service was held at Paul’s graveside in the Anglican Cemetery at Coolah, attracting over 50 visitors many being Vietnam veterans from the Metropolitan area.

Paul was buried on the 7th September 1966 and the inscription on his headstone reads:

“In loving memory of Paul Large killed in action in Baria Vietnam 18th August 1966, forever in the hears of your proud and loving parents, sisters and brothers-in-laws and fiancee Noeline.

Coolah’s Vietnam Memorial Avenue and its initial associated plaque was the first memorial recognition, in Australia of the Battle of Long Tan.  The avenue and plaque has attracted many visitors over past years, particularly from veterans, relatives and friends of soldiers who served in Vietnam.  Roy Cameron, who was Shire Clerk in 1966 was responsible for originating the proposal and making the arrangements for the planting of the trees.

 – by Roy Cameron, OAM

Vietnam War Memorial Avenue, sign and plaques, Coolah NSW
Anzac Day 2015 held at the Vietnam War Memorial Avenue in Coolah, NSW.

A Visit to Coolah

Although this is from 2016, this article on a Visit to Coolah is a worthwhile little read.  Many of the things in it still ring true!

Click here to read the full article

And here is the video – it gives you a bite sized view of Coolah and the Coolah Tops National Park!

As published in the Daily Telegraph

A Drive Through History to Neilrex



Journey time to Neilrex is approximately 35min / distance 40km, one way.

(NB 6km of unsealed road)

Drive to Neilrex by going South on Binnia Street, turning right on Queensborough Street.  You will pass Queensborough Park on the left with its rotunda over 100 years old, and go through the Coolah Common, established in 1875.   You will ascend a fairly steep hill which in the past hosted hill start car races, and near the top you will see Mt. Hope Road on your left.

While our drive bypasses Mt. Hope Road, this mostly unsealed road goes through to Dunedoo and affords the passengers some lovely views from its heights to the south east of the Coolah Valley and to the north of the Warrumbungles.

Continue on the Neilrex Road and descend the hill, continuing on.  On your left you may notice a property named Moorombi.  Farmers may recognise the name as its owner bred a certain kind of wheat called Moorombi.   Historically, this area was the subject of news in 1875 when the highest priced horse ever imported from England (a two thousand guinea blood horse) was stolen and hidden in the pine scrub nearby (through Moorombi to Cloven Hills).   It was never truly found however it was rumoured to have been moved to Queensland and some years later a great improvement in horseflesh was apparent around Longreach in Queensland!

Continuing on, you will see an aircraft sign and the Coolah Aerodrome is situated down the road to your right.  Construction of the airfield began in 1954 and it was first serviced by Butler Airlines.  The service was by Heron aircraft twice a week to Sydney with a single fare of four pounds.  Regular services ceased in 1967.

Several charcoal burning kilns were located off this road during World War II, worked by 22 Italian internees.

A sign to your right a little further on is “Doganabuganaram Rd”.  Local legend claims it was named by a surveyor working in the area who had to share his camp with a dog, a bug and a ram!

Also on the right you will see a property named “Butheroe”.   This property was established by James Vincent, in the early 1800s, purportedly the first white man near Coolah.   James arrived from England in 1801 and proved to be a keen explorer, having Mt Vincent near Lithgow named after him.  Butheroe at the time was a huge tract of land and included the more recent properties of Mumbedah, Digilah, Moggee Hill, Dennykymine, Moorangorang and Queensborough.   Butheroe means ‘waterhole’.   In these early days, supplies only came to the Station once a year and when a beast was killed for meat the aborigines were given half of it.  As there were no fences, the sheep were minded by shepherds who lived in little huts, usually with a dog or two and had rations delivered to them weekly.   One shepherd on Butheroe stayed for 47 years!   Geologically, a deposit of slate was near the original homestead (which burned down in the 1880s).



On your left you will see a spot to pull over and an information board (see photo above).  This is the headstone of King Togee, head of the Butheroe tribe of aboriginals that lived to the east of this area.  A tall, strong man, he was skilled with spear and stone and the settlers in the area found him honest and trustworthy.    The Nevell family of Butheroe made a brass plate for him with “King of the Butheroe” tribe inscribed, which Togee wore with pride.   When an older man, he was speared by a young tribesman, Cutterbush and died.  The Nevell family buried him and had a headstone carved by a stockman on the property, to mark his burial.   When his tribe learned of his death, they plastered their faces and bodies with pipe clay and disappeared for 3 years, reportedly in mourning.

Continuing on, you will shortly come to a short stretch of unsealed road approximately 6km long.  Please note that it can be slippery in wet weather.

A little further on is the village of Neilrex.  This tiny settlement was named initially for the railway siding “Lochneil” but became Neilrex for its links to the existing siding and to honour local resident Rex McNeil who with his brother John had the nearby property Lochneil and Biamble in the early 1900s.   Rex served in WWI with the 1st and 12th Lighthorse regiments seeing active service at Gallipoli and the Middle East.  He was wounded at Gallipoli but never fully recovered and died in 1935.   His brother John also served with the Australian Lighthorse.

Neilrex still has a few residents, an operating silo and railway siding.  If you take the left turning towards Merrygoen, you will see the hall, church and old clay tennis courts that give an indication of a once thriving village.

Option: Merrygoen

If you would like to continue to another small village, follow the left hand turn (signposted) to Merrygoen, 16km away.  This road mostly follows the rail line and goes through some very pretty farmland.  Of interest a few kilometres down this road on your right (next to the roadside), is an old shearing shed, shearers quarters and meat house in good condition.  Biamble Station, situated between Neilrex and Merrygoen was once the home of Robert Hamilton Matthews a renowned anthropologist. His son Hamilton Bartlett Mathews was born here and became Surveyor General of NSW and his other son Gregory Macalister Mathews was a famous ornithologist.

Merrygoen was settled around the 1840s and the name is believed to have come from the Aboriginal word, Murragon-gon, meaning ‘bloody waters’ after a tribal battle where the creek water ran with blood.   In the 1860s “Granny” Richardson ran the old Merrygoen store and the Squatters Home hotel.   Eleven Richardson headstones can still be seen in the Old Merrygoen Pioneer Cemetery.   Gold was found in Merrygoen and Ukebung Creeks in the 1870s.

When the railway was being built, Merrygoen gained a new hotel (aptly called the Railway Hotel) and on one festive day in 1912 cars were parked three deep at the hotel.    In 1915 a newspaper article mentioned numerous assaults and robberies in Merrygoen by railway workers who were Sydney ‘confidence men’ and ‘crooks’, necessitating a temporary police presence in the town.   Merrygoen also had a turf club in the late 19th century, a post office opened n 1879 with a mail coach passing through twice a week, and a school in old Merrygoen from 1867-1914 and in new Merrygoen (nearer the railway line) from 1915-1969.   The railway station is now closed but is still standing.  The railway sidings and wheat silos are still in use.

Please note there are no stores or cafes in either Neilrex or Merrygoen.


Option: Binnaway

If you would like to continue your journey from Neilrex in a loop you could continue west in the village of Neilrex and follow the signs to Binnaway approximately 27km.  Please see separate drive “Binnaway” for information on the town.     You could then return to Coolah from Binnaway approximately 52km.  All roads are sealed.


More history on Neilrex and Merrygoen can be found in the book “Around the Black Stump” by Roy Cameron, a copy is available to view in the Coolah Library.

To download this drive in PDF format, please click here: